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08Jun 2017




Best File- Format Converter

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Now, you can easily convert your files from one format into another format easily with the help of this tutorial.

Step 1- Installation of Pandoc

Step 2–  It consists of a command-line tool with no graphic user-interface, Opens a terminal window for it.

It can be found in the application or utilities. After, you find the terminal, double click on it. On Windows, use either the classic command prompt or more modern power shell terminal. Run the cmd or Powershell command from the menu (Start). In the case of window8, type cmd or PowerShell or can also run the command prompt or window PowerShell application.

If you are using Linux then the configuration is as follows:

  • In Unity, use the search function on the Dash, and search for Terminal. Or, use the keyboard shortcut Ctrl-Alt-T.
  • In Gnome, go to Applications, then Accessories, and select Terminal, or use Ctrl-Alt-T.
  • In XFCE, go to Applications, then System, then Terminal, or use Super-T.
  • In KDE, go to KMenu, then System, then Terminal Program (Konsole).

Let’s verify that pandoc is installed. Type

pandoc –version

Press enter. You should see a message telling you which version of pandoc is installed and giving you some additional information.

Step 3: Changing directories

First, let’s see where we are. Type


on linux or OSX, or

echo %cd%

on Windows, and hit enter. Your terminal should print your current working directory. (Guess what pwd stands for?) This should be your home directory.

Let’s navigate now to our Documents directory: type

cd Documents

and hit enter. Now type


(or echo %cd% on Windows) again. You should be in the Documents subdirectory of your home directory. To go back to your home directory, you could type

cd ..

Go back to your Documents directory if you’re not there already. Let’s try creating a subdirectory called pandoc-test:

mkdir pandoc-test

Now change to the pandoc-test directory:

cd pandoc-test

If the prompt doesn’t tell you what directory you’re in, you can confirm that you’re there by doing


(or echo %cd%) again.

OK, that’s all you need to know for now about using the terminal. But here’s a secret that will save you a lot of typing. You can always type the up arrow key to go back through your history of commands. So if you want to use a command you typed earlier, you don’t need to type it again: just use up-arrow until it comes up. Try this. (You can use down-arrow as well, to go the other direction.) Once you have the command, you can also use the left and right arrows and the backspace/delete key to edit it.

Most terminals also support tab completion of directories and filenames. To try this, let’s first go back up to our Documents directory:

cd ..

Now, type

cd pandoc-

and hit the tab key instead of entering. Your terminal should fill in the rest (test), and then you can hit enter.

To review:

  • pwd (or echo %cd% on Windows) to see what the current working directory is.
  • cd foo to change to the foo subdirectory of your working directory.
  • cd .. to move up to the parent of the working directory.
  • mkdir foo to create a subdirectory called foo in the working directory.
  • up-arrow to go back through your command history.
  • tab to complete directories and file names.

Step 4: Using pandoc as a filter



and hit enter. You should see the cursor just sitting there, waiting for you to type something. Type this:

Hello *pandoc*!


– one

– two

Then, type Ctrl-D on OS X or Linux, or Ctrl-Z on Windows. You should now see your text converted to HTML!

<p>Hello <em>pandoc</em>!</p>





When pandoc is invoked without specifying any input files, it operates as a “filter,” taking input from the terminal and sending its output back to the terminal. You can use this feature to play around with pandoc.

By default, input is interpreted as pandoc markdown, and output is HTML 4. But we can change that. Let’s try converting from HTML to Markdown:

pandoc -f html -t markdown

Now type:

<p>Hello <em>pandoc</em>!</p>

and hit Ctrl-D (or Ctrl-Z on Windows). You should see:

Hello *pandoc*!

Now try converting something from markdown to LaTeX. What command do you think you should use?

Step 5: Text editor basics

You’ll probably want to use pandoc to convert a file, not to read text from the terminal. That’s easy, but first we need to create a text file in our pandoc-test subdirectory.

After creating it,

Start up your text editor

# Test!

This is a test of *pandoc*.

– list one

– list two

Now save your file as in the directory Documents/pandoc-test.

Note: If you use plain text a lot, you’ll want a better editor than Notepad or TextEdit. You might want to look at Sublime Text or (if you’re willing to put in some time learning an unfamiliar interface) Vim or Emacs.

Step 6: Converting a file

Go back to your terminal. We should still be in the Documents/pandoc-test directory. Verify that with pwd.

Now type


(or dir if you’re on Windows). This will list the files in the current directory. You should see the file you created,

To convert it to HTML, use this command:

pandoc -f markdown -t html -s -o test1.html

The filename tells pandoc,  which file to convert. The -s option says to create a “standalone” file, with a header and footer, not just a fragment. And the -o test1.html says to put the output in the file test1.html. Note that we could have omitted -f markdown and -t html, since the default is to convert from markdown to HTML, but it doesn’t hurt to include them.

Check that the file was created by typing again. You should see test1.html. Now open this in a browser. On OS X, you can type

open test1.html

On Windows, type


You should see a browser window with your document.

To create a LaTeX document, you just need to change the command slightly:

pandoc -f markdown -t latex -s -o test1.tex

Try opening test1.tex in your text editor.

Pandoc can often figure out the input and output formats from the filename extensions. So, you could have just used:

pandoc -s -o test1.tex

Pandoc knows you’re trying to create a LaTeX document, because of the .tex extension.

Now try creating a Word document (with the extension docx).

If you want to create a PDF, you’ll need to have LaTeX installed. (See MacTeX on OS X, MiKTeX on Windows, or install the texlive package on Linux.) Then do

pandoc -s -o test1.pdf

Step 7: Command-line options

Pandoc has a lot of options. At this point you can start to learn more about them by reading the User’s Guide.

For Instance, -S or –smart option (you can use either form) causes pandoc to produce curly quotes and proper dashes. Try it using pandoc as a filter. Type

pandoc –smart

then enter this text, followed by Ctrl-D (Ctrl-Z on Windows):

“Hello there,” she said—and Sam didn’t reply.

Now try the same thing without –smart. See the difference in output?

If you forget an option, or forget which formats are supported, you can always do

pandoc –help

to get a list of all the supported options.

On OS X or Linux systems, you can also do

man pandoc

to get the pandoc manual page, or

man pandoc_markdown

for the description of pandoc’s markdown syntax.


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